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What is RACI Matrix in project management?

A RACI matrix is a diagram that specifies and records who is in charge of what during each stage of your project. A straightforward method for defining project roles and responsibilities that contribute to desired results is the RACI matrix. RACI essentially outlines the various responsibilities and roles given to team members involved in the project. This clarifies who is responsible for what is on the project and eliminates confusion that might cause production to stall and costs to rise. You can prevent poor decision-making and avoid obstacles in the approvals process that might affect the success of the project as a whole by using a RACI chart. You can prevent two team members from working on the same project by using a RACI chart. The diagram is made to guarantee effective teamwork and clear communication in all areas. This term is an acronym that stands for Responsible, Accountable, Consulted, and Informed

Responsible: This person is in charge of taking the initiative and making sure that the project’s tasks are completed. The people in charge are typically lower-level project team members who produce marketing materials and technical documentation, such as the project manager, business analyst, or developers. Each task must have at least one accountable team member who completes the necessary work. On the RACI matrix, however, more than one responsible party may be identified.

Accountable: This team member is in charge of allocating tasks and giving the go-ahead for deliverables to be deemed finished. But each task must have a single accountable party, who need not always be the project manager. Even though they might not be the ones carrying out the work themselves, the accountable person is in charge of monitoring the overall task’s completion. This person gives their approval to the finished product.

Consulted: People who have been consulted are those from whom suggestions and opinions should be sought. Before beginning a task or deliverable to understand the requirements, constraints, and risks, as well as after completion to ensure every angle has been taken into account in the results, individuals or groups that will be consulted should be consulted. A deliverable will be reviewed by this team member, who will then offer feedback that places the deliverable in the context of the entire project or just within its own expectations.

Informed: These are the team members who need to be informed about how tasks are being carried out but who don’t have the same level of accountability as those in the previous list. Instead of going into specifics, a general report on progress could be given to them. These people are not required to be consulted or included in the decision-making process. This is the individual or group that is informed of the status and completion of the work. They most likely don’t participate in any other part of the deliverable.

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