Security testing is a type of software testing which ensures that the system or application is secured from threats, unauthorized users, and vulnerabilities.
It helps in detecting all possible security risks in the system and help the development team in fixing these problems through coding.
Security Testing is used to protect the data of an organization. It ensures that system application in an organization is secured and free from the threats that may cause a big loss to this organization.
Security testing is used to maintain the confidentiality of the organization and to make sure that unauthorized users are unable to access the system and access data.
To protect the system data of an organization system testing is performed.
Different areas where security is required:
- Server-side application security to ensure that the server is safe and technology at the server side is safe
- System software security to ensure the operating system is safe from threats
- Client-side application security
- Networking areas
The main purpose of security testing is to:
- Avoid Hacking of data from Hackers.
- Avoid the system getting hacked from the hacker.
- To secure the data of an organization from hackers.
Different types of security testing are:
- Vulnerability scanning:
It is used to find any vulnerabilities (weakness) in the system software. It is performed by automated software which scans the whole system and detects any vulnerabilities in the software
- Security scanning
This security scanning can be performed both manually and automated. It is used to find if there are any loopholes or weaknesses are in the network or the software.
- Penetration testing
It is used to know how the hackers try to penetrate so that the system or the application can be secured from hacking attempt.
This kind of testing will help us to find the attack from the hackers.
- Risk assessment
The risk assessment will help to control the risk and reduce the risk.
The risks are classified as low, medium, high risks.
- Security auditing
This is an internal inspection of the application and operating system for security threats. Audits can be done by line by line code inspection.
- Ethical hacking
Ethical hacking will help us to expose the flaws in the system and that can be fixed.
- Posture scanning
The combination of security scanning, ethical hacking, and risk assessment so that we can show the overall security posture of an organization.