Security testing is type of software testing which ensures that the system or application is secured from threats, unauthorized users and vulnerabilities. This used to protect the system data and maintain functionalities. Security testing ensures that system application in organization is secured and free from threats that may cause big loss to this organization.
There are different areas where security is required:
- Client-side application security
- Server-side application security to ensure that the server code and technology at the server side is safe
- System software security to ensure operating system is safe from threats
- Network areas
Security testing is used to maintain the confidentiality of the organization and to make sure that the unauthorized users are unable to access the system and access data.
The main purpose of the security testing is to:
- To avoid loss of customer trust
- To secure applications from unauthorized users
- To avoid system getting hacked
- To avoid system or application getting attacked from malicious hackers
- To avoid hacking of data
There are different types of security testing
This is done by automated software which scans the whole system to find if there are any vulnerability signatures.
This is used to find out if there are any weaknesses or loopholes in network or system. This scanning can be done both manually or automated.
This kind of testing helps us to find out attack from malicious hackers, how the hackers try to penetrate, so that the system or the application can be secured from hacking attempt.
The flaws that have been found out through the security testing those are classified as low, medium or high risks. This helps us to control and reduce risk.
This is an internal inspection of application and operating system for security threats. Audits can be done by line by line code inspection.
Unlike malicious hackers, who steal data for their own gain, ethical hacking helps us to expose the flaws in the system and that can be fixed.
This is a combination of security scanning, ethical hacking and risk assessment so that we can show the overall security posture of an organization.