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ROOT CAUSE ANALYSIS ( RCA )

Root Cause Analysis

 

It is a systematic or structured way of identifying “root cause of the problems or events” and provide a efficient solution. It included various techniques , methodologies etc.…., It works on common problems so that main problems can be identified. RCA  Shows there process , when system or process failed to identify the problems.

It have following goals :

First Goal

It finds the cause of the Problem and provide the solution.

Second Goal

It describes the methods to prevent the problems , like to compensate for the problems.

Third Goal

It ensures that this problem can’t affect us in future if the same problem arise.

It follows some principles:

  • Realize that , there can be multiple causes , not only single cause of the problem.
  • Don’t underestimate short term relief of the problem , it is also important.
  • Focus on correcting and providing solution for the problem , not on symptoms of the problem.
  • Focus on How and Why cause arises , instead of WHO is responsible .

It follows 5 WHY’s.

Example OF RCA :  ”FISHBONE”

It mainly includes :

Material [Raw material]

Man [knowledge]

Machine [technology]

Method [process]

Mind [Skills]

Product [services]

Price

Process [system]

Surroundings [place,environment]

Supplier

Skills

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Fish Bone Diagram:

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