Requirement management process
What is a Requirement?
A Requirement is a need of a client. It is a defined capability to which the results of certain work should meet. Throughout the lifecycles of project a requirement can be generated at any point of time by various stakeholders like clients ,developers ,project managers etc .If the requirements are managed properly there is a consistent and clear communication between the team and any changes are broadly shared with all the stakeholders.
What is Requirement management and its purpose?
- Requirements management is the process of collecting, analysing, refining, and prioritizing product requirements and then planning for their delivery
- The main purpose this is to ensure that the organization meets all the need of the stakeholders.
- It involves communication between all the stakeholders and team members and handle any changes in requirements throughout the project.
- To prevent the overlap of requirements and maintain consistency communication among the members of development team is very critical.
- Project manager should maintain the requirements in a systematic way by using a log or documentation , if any changes is made by one of the stakeholder , the project manage need to identify how it is going to impact the project and communicate it to other stakeholders.
- This process does not end with the product release , even after the product is released any change request must be handled in and effective way.
The Five Stages of Requirements Management
Requirements management viewed as a five-step development process. The project manager and key stakeholders will evaluate the requirements during each step of the process. These steps are outlined below:
- Step 1: Investigation
This is the first stage of the process. Here the goal and the requirements necessary for achieving those goals are identified. Once that is done they evaluate the recourses necessary for meeting the requirements , analysis and identify the problems or obstacles that might occurs .Since this is just the starting point the requirements may subject to change as the process moves ahead .
- Step 2: Feasibility
This is the second stage of the process , here the feasibility of the project in terms of cost is analyzed .Project manager and stakeholders must determine what exactly is required to ensure the project is viable from economic stand point. They must analysis if the organization had all the technological capabilities and recourses to achieve the goal or if additional resources will be required.
- Step 3: Design
After the examination and attainability arranges, the task at that point pushes ahead to the plan stage. This is the place substantial objectives begin to work out as expected. There will unavoidably be a few changes to the prerequisites that should be conveyed and in this way tended to by those in charge of different parts of the plan. An imperative piece of prerequisites administration is deciding whether these progressions will influence the cost or extent of the task.
- Step 4: Construction and Testing
Once the design has been approved, a prototype or working model is typically constructed and put through a series of tests. This helps the team ensure that the project will be able to progress according to schedule and stay within budget. The project requirements are often adjusted and refined during the testing stage of requirements management and must be documented accordingly.
- Step 5: Release
Once the product is finally approved, it is released. As the product enters into use, there is still the need for ongoing requirements management related to proposed upgrades, add-ons, improvements, marketing, sales, and the like. These will be documented and addressed during the investigation phase of the next release.
Why do we need Requirement management process?
Chance to decide Impact and control changes to Requirements
- An efficient approach to evoking, sorting out and reporting the necessities of the framework, and setting up and keeping up understanding between the client and the undertaking group on the changing of prerequisites of the framework.
- Guide through the item lifecycle .
- By sorting out and following your prerequisites the group enhances it’s odds of finishing the project:
- on time
- inside spending plan
- meeting customer desires
- Overseeing necessities helps in setting up and keeping up an assertion between the client and the task group on the changing prerequisites of a framework.
It provides a better communication between all the stakeholders.
Requirements can be managed in a systematic order.
Helps is completion of the project in time and within budget.