Enterprise Analysis: Enterprise Analysis is one of the business analyst activities.It comes in preproject phase and its a high level analysis .Mostly senior BA involved in this analysis . Enterprise analysis includes below steps 1.Identify & Define Business Need 2.Access Capability Gap 3.Define Solution Approach 4.Define Solution Scope 5.Perform feasibility studies 6.Define Business Case. A BA uses below techniques in enterprise analysis 1.SWOT analysis 2.GAP Analysis 3.Feasibility study 4.Root Cause Analysis 5.Decision Analysis 6.Strategy Analysis Why Enterprise Analysis is required ? It is used mainly in product based company .It will be useful in preparing budgets and planning the resources , identifying risk involved and avoiding it , to identify the currenct process and its backlog , necessory improvement required in the processes or to re-engineer it and in order to identify and eliminate the factors that will affect the business . STEPS OF ENTERPRISE ANALYSIS:: 1.IDENTIFY BUSINESS NEEDS: This step helps BA in Identifying and defining why a change is required in an organization. Its is important step because if the business need is not identified properly or wrongly identified it will lead to project failure and proper solution we cant derive . How to identify the needs? Below are few techniques which are helpful to identify & define the needs Benchmarking , Brainstorming , Business Rules Analysis , Focus Groups , Functional Decomposition , Root Cause Analysis . 2.ACCESS CAPABILITY GAP: In order to move from existing system to new system ,BA performs certain task & activities in order to identify the GAP between present scenario to future scenario and able to identify the requirements needed to be fulfilled in order to move to new system .Eg :Change in infrastructure , additional resources ,etc.. Techniques Involved ::Document analysis and SWOT analysis 3.DEFINE SOLUTION APPROACH: In this step , a BA should select and finalise which solution has to be implemented based on above 2 steps for the business . Eg :Changing the system software / website , change the technology etc Techniques Involved :Benchmarking , Brainstorming , Decision analysis, estimation, SWOTanalysis. 4.DEFINE SOLUTION SCOPE: According to BABOK,the function of this enterprise analysis stage is “to define which new capabilities a project or iteration will deliver.” It will help all the stakeholders to understand the way how the solution will be delivered and the tools involved to achieve this . Techniques ::Functional decomposition ,interface analysis, scope modeling and user stories. 5.PERFORM FEASIBILITY STUDY : Feasibility study in an integral partof business transformation ,it helps to identify whether the project can be done with particular period of time , budget , resources , technology , infrastructure . Alternative solutions should also be available for proposed solution , so that while performing the feasilibilty study it will be easy to recommended which one will suit our company policy . 6.DEFINE BUSINESS CASE:: A business case will say why the project is initiated , what is the time frame & resources involved , who are all will be stakeholders . Business Case will have the information necessary to support whether to go ahead with the decision to invest and move forward with a proposed project. Techniques ::Decision Analysis , Estimation,Metrics and key performance indicators , Risk Analysis , SWOT analysis and Vendor assessment.