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Elicitation Techniques

Requirement elicitation is a method of grouping Information from stakeholders. It is a foundation in documenting the necessities for application development.

There is a number of elicitation techniques to assemble needs or to collect the information data from the stakeholders. Some of the elicitation techniques are as follows.

  1. Document analysis
  2. Observation
  3. Interview
  4. Prototyping
  5. Brainstorming
  6. Workshop
  7. JAD (Joint Application Development)
  8. Reverse engineering
  9. Surveys/Questionnaire

Document analysis

Document analysis is one of every of the foremost useful elicitation techniques in understanding the present method. Documents like user manuals, Software vendor manuals, marketer manuals, process documents concerning the current system will give the inputs for the new system requirements.

Following are steps involved in document analysis:

  1. Valuating the prevailing system and business documents are acceptable to be studied.
  2. Analyzing the documents to spot relevant business details.
  3. Reviewing and confirming known details with subject matter experts.

There could be loads of knowledge that will be transferred to a new system requirements document. Valuating the documentation can help in creating the as it is method document and conduct GAP analysis for scoping the project in question.


This elicitation technique helps in grouping needs by perceptive users or stakeholders. this could offer info concerning the exiting process, inputs, and outputs. There are 2 types of observations — active and passive.

The business analyst notices the users or stakeholders, whereas in passive observation the business analyst notices the subject matter experts.


This helps the business team perceive the requirements once users are unable to clarify requirements clearly.


An interview may be a systematic approach to elicit information from an individual or cluster of people. During this case, the business analyst acts as an interviewer. An interview provides a chance to explore and/or clarify requirements in additional detail. While not knowing the expectations and goals of the stakeholders it’s tough to meet requirements.


Screen mockups can support the requirement gathering method once introduced at the right time. Mockups facilitate stakeholders visualize the practicality of a system. This will be a bonus to business analysts and stakeholders since this enables them to spot gaps/problems early on.


Brainstorming is an efficient way to outline their requirements. Users can return up with terribly innovative concepts or requirements. This could facilitate gather ideas and creative solutions from stakeholders during a short time. Users or stakeholders can come up with ideas that they have seen or skilled elsewhere. These ideas may be reviewed and also the relevant ones can then be enclosed within the system requirements.


Workshops comprise a bunch of users or stakeholders operating along to spot requirements. A requirement workshop could be a structured way to capture necessities. Workshops are used to scope, discover, define, and rate requirements for the projected system.

They are the foremost effective way to deliver high-quality requirements quickly. They promote mutual understanding and robust communication between users or stakeholders and therefore the project team.

JAD (Joint Application Development)

The Joint Application Development (JAD) technique is AN extended session to the workshop. Within the JAD session, stakeholders and therefore the project teamwork along to spot the requirements. These sessions permit the business team to assemble and consolidate massive amounts of information. Identification of stakeholders is crucial to the success of the JAD session. The JAD team includes business method owners, consumer representatives, users or stakeholders, business analysts, project managers, IT specialists (developers, quality assurance, designers, and security).

Reverse engineering

This elicitation technique is usually utilized in migration projects. If an existing system has noncurrent documentation, it will be reverse-engineered to grasp what the system does. This can be an elicitation technique that will extract enforced needs from the system. There are 2 styles of reverse engineering techniques. Black box reverses engineering: The system is studied while not examining its internal structure (function and composition of a software system). White box reverses engineering: The inner workings of the system studies are to analyze and understand the software code.


Questionnaires are helpful once there’s a lot of information to be gathered from a bigger cluster of stakeholders. This allows the business team to assemble requirements from stakeholders remotely. The planning of the questionnaire is incredibly important since it will influence the answers that folks provide.


In addition to the above-named elicitation techniques, there are more are on the market. it’s very difficult to mention that the elicitation technique is appropriate for all projects. Not all elicitation techniques will be executed for each project.

When choosing an elicitation method, factors comparable to the character of the project, organizational structure, and kind of stakeholders are taken under consideration by the business team before deciding which technique works best. Based on the above elicitation techniques document analysis, interviews, Brainstorming, and prototyping are the foremost wide used requirement elicitation techniques.

About Sandeep Reddy Thatiparthi

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