Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN)

The Business Process Modeling Notation (BPMN) can also be called as a visual modeling language for enterprise analysis applications and specifying enterprise system workflows, that’s an open standard notation for graphical flowcharts this is used to outline enterprise system workflows. it’s famous and intuitive picture that may be without difficulty apprehend through all enterprise stakeholders, which include enterprise users, enterprise analysts, software program developers, and data architects.

Advantages of BPMN

BPMN allows us to capture and document business processes of an organization in a clear and steady manner that ensures relevant stakeholders, like such as, process owners and business users are involved within the process. Thus, the team can response to any problems identified within the processes more effectively. BPMN offer complete and but wealthy notations which will easily be understood by both technical and non-technical stakeholders. Business process modelling affords important benefits to organizations and organizations like the ones listed below.

  • An enterprise standard developed by the OMG consortium, a not-for-profit industry group
  • Provides corporations with the functionality of defining and expertise their strategies through Business Process Diagrams
  • To offer a preferred notation this is often without problems and comprehensible through all enterprise stakeholders
  • To bridge the communique hole that always takes place among enterprise technique layout and implementation
  • Simple to look at but effective and sufficient to depict the capability complexities of an enterprise technique.

BPMN Notation

In BPMN, the procedures are defined with the help of diagrams with a sequence of graphic factors. Such visual presentation makes it clean for the purchasers to understand the logic of a procedure. BPMN has been basically developed to style and examine both simple and complicated diagrams of enterprise procedures. For that, the BPMN standard classifies the graphic elements by categories: as a result, the factors are easily diagnosed by means of the customers who paintings with enterprise procedure diagrams.

 BPMN depicts these four element types for business process diagrams:

1) Flow objects: events, activities, gateways

2) Connecting objects: sequence flow, message flow, association

3) Swimlanes: pool or lane

4) data object, group, annotation


A trigger that starts, modifies or completes a process. Event types include message, timer, error, compensation, signal, cancel, escalation, link and others. they’re shown by circles containing other symbols based on event type. they’re labeled as either “throwing” or “catching,” counting on their function.


A specific activity or project finished by someone or system. It’s shown by a rectangle with rounded corners. they will turn out to be more certain with sub-processes, loops, compensations and multiple instances.


Decision factors that would adjust the path are based on conditions or events. they’re shown as diamonds. they will be exclusive or inclusive, parallel, complex, or supported data or events.

Sequence flow

Shows the order of activities to be performed. it’s shown as a straight line with an arrow. it’s going to display a conditional flow, or a default flow.

Message flow

Depicts messages that flow across “pools,” or organization boundaries together with departments. It shouldn’t connect events or activities within a pool. it’s represented with the aid of using a dashed line with a circle at the start and an arrow at the end.


Shown with a line , it associates an artifact or text to an event, activity or gateway.

Pool and swimlane

A pool represents major participants during a process. a special pool can be in a different company or department but still involved in the process. Swimlanes within a pool display the activities and flow for a specific role or participant, defining who is in charge of what parts of the process.


Additional information that developers increase bring a essential level of detail to the diagram.

There are 3 sorts of artifacts: data object, group or annotation.

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